West of Duddon Sands
389 MW Partial Generation/Under Construction United Kingdom

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Latest Windfarm News
Objections to wind turbines not strong enough
Bournemouth Echo
THE objections presented by MPs, elected Councillors and citizens of the area is the strongest and most extensively argued, on all points, of any offshore wind farm in the UK. Approval by Planning Inspectorate Assessment Team would mean that none of the ...
Source: news.google.com
01/10/2014 07:12:19

NREL Software Tool a Boon for Wind Industry
RenewablesBiz
Across the Great Plains and at many spots offshore, if you see one wind turbine, you're likely to see a dozen or a hundred. A wind farm provides economies of scale -- contract with a farmer or win a permit for offshore wind, and it makes sense to erect multiple ...
Source: news.google.com
01/10/2014 01:12:19

Offshore wind farm cable plans get council green light
Banffshire Journal
... an underground power cable run through the heart of the area, carrying electricity from a huge offshore wind farm has been approved. Councillors have given their backing to the application from Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd (MORL) to install the 20-mile ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 23:24:40

Optimal timing of wind farm repowering: a two-factor real options analysis
Risk.net
For more than twenty years now, wind power has been one of the main renewable energy sources. Whereas offshore wind utilization still has a high risk profile, the repowering of wind converters offers an interesting alternative to further increase the use of ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 14:44:29

Curtailment solutions boost confidence in China
Windpower Monthly (subscription)
In a written notice dated 5 June, the NEA put forward its first programme for an offshore wind-power grid feed-in tariff (FIT). The document put FIT rates, which will be for offshore wind at CNY 0.85/kWh ($0.136/kWh) and for intertidal installations at CNY ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 14:43:50

DONG Energy's 258 MW Extension To Burbo Bank Wind Farm Given Go Ahead
CleanTechnica
The proposed 258 MW extension to the Burbo Bank offshore wind farm that was recently put forward by developer DONG Energy has been given the go ahead by authorities, according to recent reports. Once completed, that will increase the total capacity of ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 11:03:55

Swire Blue Ocean A/S signs key contract for provision of installation vessel ...
PortNews IAA
Projects in 2014 include the completion of the foundation installation campaign by Pacific Orca for Borkum Riffgrund 1 for Dong Energy and the installation of wind turbine generators on Dan Tysk Offshore Windfarm by Pacific Osprey for Vattenfall, amongst ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 10:05:05

Shanghai Zhenhua sued by UK firm Fluor for £250m
South China Morning Post (subscription)
The two companies in 2008 signed a €234 million (HK$2.3 billion) contract in which Shanghai Zhenhua agreed to design, construct and deliver steel monopiles to Fluor for the Greater Gabbard offshore wind farm in Suffolk. Opened in September 2012, the ...
Source: news.google.com
30/09/2014 05:59:01

Merseyside offshore wind farm given green light
PlanningResource (subscription)
The Burbo Bank Extension offshore wind farm, north-west of the Wirral coastline, covers an area of up to 40 sq km and has an estimated generating capacity of up to 250MW. It includes up to 69 turbines with a maximum height of 223 metres, alongside ...
Source: news.google.com
29/09/2014 12:32:39

Use The FORCE: Cost Of Offshore Wind Energy Really Could Drop 40%
CleanTechnica
We must have been asleep at the wheel when two industry powerhouses merged last year to form something called DNV GL, but we finally snapped out of it this morning when we saw this headline come across the wires: “DNV GL Pledges to Help Reduce ...
Source: news.google.com
29/09/2014 12:29:14




4C Offshore Ltd. has achieved certification to the ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 standards for quality, environmental, and health & safety management.

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Developers/Owners/Operators
Project Details for West of Duddon Sands
General Information Name West of Duddon Sands correct
Other names West Duddon correct
Country name United Kingdom correct
Region England, North West correct
Comments The turbine capacity is reduced from the original 500MW due to siting issues (Geology).

Project used the Met mast at Cirrus Shell Flats
correct
Round (or category) Round 2 correct
Development status Partial Generation/Under Construction correct
Comments on the status correct
Power & Turbines Notice any Errors? You can keep this an open resource by submitting corrections!
Project Capacity 389 MW correct
Turbine Model SWT-3.6-120 (Siemens) correct
Turbine Capacity 3.6 MW correct
Number of Turbines 108 correct
Total Turbine Height correct
Hub Height correct
Rotor Diameter 120 m correct
Foundation Grounded: Monopile correct
Windspeed 10 Year Mean Wind Speed (2000-2009) Available online now
Detailed wind speed data 6 hr/day/month historic data
Costs Stated Project Cost GBP(mill) 1600.00 correct
Location & Environment Sea name Irish Sea (Irish Sea) correct
Centre latitude 53.984° correct
Centre longitude -3.464° correct
Area 67 km2 correct
Depth range (Chart Datum) 17 m - 21 m correct
Depth range stated by developer 17 m - 24 m correct
Distance From Shore (reported) 15 km correct
Distance From Shore (computed from centre) 20.1 km correct
Ports Installation base Belfast, Barrow (construction facility) correct
Ops and maintenance Barrow correct
Grid Converter platforms None correct
Offshore transformers West of Duddon Sands Offshore Substation correct
Grid connection point Heysham correct
Cable landing point Heysham correct
Export Cables
Please note that export cables connect the offshore transformer (substation) to either; shore or an offshore HVAC-HVDC converter station for onward transmission via HVDC cabling. Please see the converters page for planned converter stations and transmission cables.

The export cable length does not generally include the onshore component. The exception is when the onshore substation is close to shore.
Number of Export Cables 2 correct
Average length per cable 41 km correct
Transmission type (e.g. HVAC) HVAC correct
Nominal voltage 155 kV correct
Maximum voltage 170 kV correct
Power rating correct
Number of cores 3 correct
Conductor type Cu correct
Section Area 1000 mm2 correct
Insulation correct
Number fibre optics correct
Export minimum bend radius (MBR) correct
Burial depth 1-2m m correct
Comments correct
Onshore Cables Number of onshore cables 6 correct
Average length per cable 3 km correct
Comments 2 x 3 phase correct
Array Cables Array cable length 107 km correct
Estimated cable length LogIn
Transmission type (e.g. MVAC) MVAC correct
Nominal voltage 33 kV correct
Maximum voltage correct
Burial depth 1 m correct
Number of cores correct
Conductor type correct
Section correct
Insulation correct
Power rating correct
Number of fibre optics correct
Minimum bend radius (MBR) correct
Comments correct
Benefits Homes powered annually 253760 correct
CO2 reduced per year 512850 tonnes correct
SO2 reduced per year 11927 tonnes correct
Expected life correct
Other Website Visit correct