Indian-Danish collaboration unveils plan for 15 Indian offshore wind farms

The Danish Energy Agency and the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy have published a conceptual plan with a pipeline identifying 15 locations for offshore wind in India. The conceptual plan provides inputs to the current stakeholder dialogue on the recently released draft tender document from the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

The joint study was presented at an event in Chennai, India on (23 November 2022) as an activity under the Centre of Excellence for Offshore Wind and Renewable Energy, a joint initiative between The Danish Energy Agency (DEA) and The Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy [MNRE). The centre is aiming to support the Indian target of 30 GW offshore wind in 2030.

The study highlights the rough and fine screening process as well as a conceptual build plan for the selected zones off the coast of Tamil Nadu and Gujarat and is based on Denmark’s approach to maritime spatial planning for offshore wind. The plan provides inputs to the current stakeholder dialogue on the recently released draft tender document from MNRE.

Moreover, the two parties presented a viability assessment of existing port infrastructure in proximity to the coasts off the two states including recommendations for upgrades and development. The projects provide input to the undergoing stakeholder consultation on the draft tender document for the first offshore wind parks in India, released by MNRE on 14 November 2022. This includes further details on the exact locations of the first 4 GW in Tamil Nadu that MNRE have taken into consideration as part of the comprehensive stakeholder inputs.

“The joint projects on maritime spatial planning and port infrastructure have provided significant inputs for the draft tender document that is currently under stakeholder consultation as well as the upcoming tenders for offshore wind in India. The Danish approach and experience has been very helpful to advance this and has brought great value to take us forward and reach 30 GW by 2030,” said Mr Dinesh Jagdale, Joint Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

“The India-Danish collaboration on energy has taken remarkable steps and is a key contributor to the Green Strategic Partnership between India and Denmark. Offshore wind will be the next step in India’s green transition and with a clear and strong mandate from our two countries, India and Denmark are leading this green energy transition together," said H.E. Mr. Freddy Svane, Ambassador of Denmark to India.

The conceptual build-out plan proposes identification of 14 sites in Tamil Nadu (south east India) and 1 site in Gujarat (north west India) corresponding to the planned upcoming auctions announced in the Strategy Paper for Offshore Wind, released by Government of India in July 2022.

Moreover, the report puts forward four initial sites in Tamil Nadu for the first auction of 4 GW equivalent seabed in 2022-2023 for leasing to carryout required studies & surveys and subsequent project development under an open access model (under model-3 of the strategy paper). The two organisations stated that adopting a relatively high capacity density would allow for up to 25 GW across the identified areas in Tamil Nadu alone.

In addition to spatial planning, the necessary infrastructure also needs to be in place to secure the large quantities of offshore wind. In this regard, a dedicated port infrastructure study identifies a set of ports off the Tamil Nadu and Gujarat coasts that fulfil basic navigation and access criteria to support installation of wind turbines and foundations. However, these ports require upgrades in infrastructure such as quaysides and yards, which are necessary for the marshalling of wind turbine components. Therefore, a set of development alternatives are proposed for each port.

For more information on offshore wind farms worldwide, click here.