Baltica, a subsidiary of a state-owned Polish public power company PGE
Capital Group, has completed a two-year wind measurement campaign in the
Baltic Sea, using floating LiDAR (light detection and ranging) technology,
for its proposed offshore wind developments. The research allowed the collection
of data on the wind conditions ahead of its investment decisions.
The research concerned, among other things, wind speed, wind direction,
wind strength and turbulence. It lasted for 24 months. According to PGE
Baltica, the date collected is sufficiently accurate, and its initial assessment
confirms favourable wind conditions at the locations of its proposed offshore
"The next stage of preparations for the construction of wind farms
in the Baltic Sea is behind us, which are a key element of the PGE Group's
transformation plan towards low-emission and a pillar of change in the
entire Polish power sector. The implementation of this project alone will
avoid emissions of around 7 million tons of CO2 per year, and the green
electricity produced in this way will be able to power up to 4 million
households," said Henryk Baranowski, president of the board of
PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna.
PGE Baltica was established in January 2019 as the company responsible
for implementing the Offshore Program in the PGE Capital Group, which coordinates
preparations for the construction of three wind farms with a combined capacity
of 3.5GW: This includes Baltica
2 and Baltica
three sites have location permits enabling the construction of offshore
farms in designated areas of the Baltic Sea.
In December 2019, PGE signed a preliminary agreement with Ørsted for the
sale of a 50% stake in the two projects. Baltica 2 and 3 have connection
agreements for 1.498 GW and 1.045 GW in place with Polish Power Networks
Current plans include the deployment of 10-13 MW turbines with operations
from 2026. Earlier this month Poland published its draft act for the promotion
of offshore wind electricity generation which looks to pave the way for
development of the technology in the Baltic Sea.
On January 24, 2020, the Regional Director for Environmental Protection
in Gdańsk issued a decision on environmental conditions for Baltica 2
and Baltica 3.
The Polish government announced earlier this year that it has opted to
proceed via a two stage Contract for Difference (CfD) model which is similar
to that used in the UK with the first to take place from 2020-2022. The
government has set targets of 5 GW by 2030.
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