Polish Government lays out latest offshore wind plans

In: Windfarms
The Polish Government has issued a new version of the draft act on promotion of offshore wind farm development. There are several modifications compared to the draft released mid-January.

The latest draft sees an increase from 4.6 GW to 5.9 GW in the maximum capacity of offshore wind farms in the Baltic Sea set to receive support under a two-sided contract for difference (CfD) between the investor and the regulator. Awarding support under this formula will be time-limited until the end of June 2021.

According to Polish Wind Energy Agency the proposed level of 5.9 GW corresponds with the actual potential of advanced projects, i.e. those that already have or within a certain time will be able to sign a connection agreement, allowing for the support negotiation procedure to start.

A second phase of auctions are also planned with the first scheduled for 2025 and the second two years later. Support will be available for projects with a total capacity of 2.5 GW to be secured in each of the auctions. The recent draft does not envisage auctions in 2023 and 2028, as mentioned in the January draft due to increased volumes planned for the first phase.

The most recent version of the draft also includes proposed solutions regarding connection of offshore wind farms to the national grid. It is envisaged that investors will be responsible for building and financing the connection between wind farms and the onshore grid. However, Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne (PSE – the Polish TSO) will have the right of pre-emption in case of possible sale by the investor.

Although there are currently no offshore wind farms operating in Poland, a number of developers have recently positioned themselves in the Polish offshore wind market.

Representatives of the Polish government and Polish wind energy industry recently signed a Letter of Intent on cooperation for development of offshore wind power in Poland. The letter lays out the foundation for the development of offshore wind in Poland.

In its National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) Poland identified offshore wind as one of key technologies to meet its goals for renewable energy for 2030. It is also a strategic project in the draft of Poland’s Energy Policy until 2040. It will help diversifying the Polish national power generation structure that today heavily depends on coal.

For more information on offshore wind farms worldwide, click here.

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